Bloom’s Taxonomy is a system of classifying learning objectives, created by Benjamin Bloom in the 1950’s.
The system consists of 6 levels of understanding, ranging from simple cognitive tasks to higher-order thinking:
- Knowledge – remembering basic facts and concepts
- Comprehension – understanding the meaning of information and being able to compare, organize, or interpret the information.
- Application – manipulating knowledge and applying it to new situations to solve new problems.
- Analysis – breaking down concepts to identify their individual parts and recognize patterns.
- Synthesis – using old ideas to create new ideas, predictions, or conclusions.
- Evaluation – assessing the veracity of information and weighing information in order to reach a conclusion.
In 2001, Bloom’s Taxonomy was revised such that all categorizes became verbs instead of nouns, and. The revised 6 categories now are: Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating.
For a detailed history, description, and analysis of Bloom’s Taxonomy, see Bloom’s Taxonomy: What’s Old is New Again by the eLearning Guild.