Survey Reveals that Recent College Grads are Unprepared for the Workforce

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In a world where job opportunities are few and far between, job preparedness is a high priority on the minds of young adults and their parents.

Are recent college grads prepared enough to enter the workforce?

A recent survey of 704 employers revealed that more than half of employers have significant difficulty finding qualified candidates for job openings.

More alarmingly, 31% of employers said that recent graduates are “unprepared” or “very unprepared” for their job search.

The survey was conducted in August and September of 2012, by Maguire Associates Inc., a higher-education consulting firm, on behalf of The Chronicle and American Public Media’s Marketplace.

What can be done?

The traditional classroom approach of giving over information in lecture form just doesn’t seem to cut it. Students come out knowing a mass of raw information, but lack the skills to translate that knowledge for real-world application and properly deal with the challenges that arise in professional settings.

According to the report, job candidates are most lacking in written and oral communication skills, adaptability and managing multiple priorities, and making decisions and problem solving.”

In the words of Jaime S. Fall, a vice president at the HR Policy Association: “Young employees are very good at finding information, but not as good at putting that information into context… They’re really good at technology, but not at how to take those skills and resolve specific business problems.

To prevent this educational gap from occurring, online colleges such as Touro’s Software Institute are turning towards the learning by doing approach to best prepare students to enter the workforce.

“Students are immersed in realistic professional situations,” says the Institute. “For example, a software company with an idea for a new product, or a start-up e-business about to enter the online marketplace. In each scenario, you assume an authentic job role, taking responsibility for a series of tasks and deliverables that you’ll work with a team to complete. Faculty mentors coach you through each step and you succeed based on the work you deliver.”

Students who learn with this empowering approach learn skills such as “working collaboratively, communicating and negotiating effectively, and leading a project from start to finish.” With these valuable skills behind them, students will be better prepared to step right into a job after they graduate from the program.

Do Students Prefer E-textbooks to Paper Textbooks?

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As the educational community turns more toward digital content for instruction, publishers have begun to create e-textbooks instead of, or as a supplement to traditional paper textbooks.

At first glance, e-textbooks seem to be the way of the future, offering significant advantages over paper textbooks:

  • E-textbooks are easy to transport, lessening the heavy weight of backpacks and saving shelf space.
  • Purchasing a digital textbook is often cheaper than buying a printed copy.
  • Students can search through the text easily, with just a few clicks.
  • Some e-textbooks have added functionality for bookmarking, highlighting, and adding notes.
  • Digital textbooks can include multimedia content such as videos and sounds that can be played directly within the textbook.

Surprisingly, however, two studies carried out in 2012 revealed that many students actually prefer using paper textbooks rather than digital textbooks for studying purposes.

While many e-textbooks allow for highlighting, bookmarking, and annotating, students find that these study habits are more effective when used in paper textbooks. In a paper textbook, notes are written directly on the page or on a post-it note which jumps out and grabs their attention, whereas e-textbooks often require that the student remembers to check for notes on each page.

Furthermore, students appreciate that they can re-sell paper copies of their textbooks after the course is over; this outweighs the benefits of purchasing the e-textbook at an lower cost from the outset.

Additional reasons cited for why paper textbooks are considered superior include:

  • While using e-textbooks, students tend to feel distracted and tempted to surf the web or check their email and Facebook accounts.
  • Many students find that studying from digital textbooks causes eye fatigue and cannot be sustained for long periods of time.
  • When students read e-textbooks, they tend to skim the content and “dip in and out,” whereas when they read printed textbooks, they read in a more comprehensive and linear fashion.
  • Paper textbooks can be kept for future reference even after the course is finished, whereas many e-textbooks expire or prohibit access after the course is finished.
  • E-textbooks are often incompatible with some types of devices and cannot be easily transferred from one device to another.
  • Students can study from paper textbooks without the need to access electronic devices. This is particularly useful in situations where the internet is not available or electronic devices have crashed or run out of power.

Are e-textbooks truly the way of the future? Will they gradually replace paper textbooks over the course of the next decade, or will paper textbooks remain as a long-standing tradition for years to come? Only time will tell.

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